The earliest known studies of Space Frame Construction systems were those made by Alexander Graham Bell between 1898 and 1908 to form the hulls of some marine and aircraft. Bell aimed to realize these constructions by creating the lightest and strongest structures with tetrahedral geometry.
For more than 100 years, many engineers have worked on the structural details in this area, and many different building types have survived to the present day. The most important of these is Dr. Ing. It is a system developed by Max Mengeringhousen in 1943 and used as the knotting element of high quality steel spheres with full body that passed the literature under the name MERO system. In addition, many construction systems and knot details have been developed and implemented by engineers.
Space cage building systems are systematic and optimum constructions consisting of rod elements and knot elements. The moments are reset in the knots with the principle of joining all the rod elements in the knots and accordingly the calculations are made with the assumption that the rod elements forming the structure operate only against tension and pressure. As a result of these calculations, extremely lightweight and strong roof constructions can be designed.
The basic element that provides the prefabricated structure feature of Space Frame Systems is the concept of modular system that forms the structure. The type of module that forms the structure can be square, rectangular, hexagonal according to the selection made during the design phase.